Abstract 3200: Comparison of CT Perfusion Mismatch with Perfusion-Diffusion MRI in Ischemic Stroke - a Reliable Alternative?
Background and purpose: CT-perfusion (CTP) is widely and rapidly accessible for imaging acute ischemic stroke. However, there has been limited validation of CTP parameters against the more intensively studied MRI perfusion-diffusion mismatch paradigm. We tested the correspondence of CTP with contemporaneous perfusion-diffusion MRI.
Methods: Acute ischemic stroke patients <6hr after onset had CTP and perfusion-diffusion MRI within 1hr, before reperfusion therapies. Relative cerebral blood flow (relCBF) and time-to-peak of the deconvolved tissue-residue-function (Tmax) were calculated (standard singular value decomposition deconvolution). The diffusion lesion was registered to the CTP slabs and manually outlined to its maximal visual extent. CT-infarct core was defined as relCBF<31% contralateral mean as previously published using this software. The volumetric accuracy of relCBF core compared to the diffusion lesion was tested in isolation, but also when restricted to pixels with relative time-to-peak (TTP) >4sec, to reduce artifactual false positive low CBF (eg in leukoaraiosis). The MR Tmax>6sec perfusion lesion (previously validated to define penumbral tissue at risk of infarction) was automatically segmented and registered to the CTP slabs. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis determined the optimal CT-Tmax threshold to match MR-Tmax>6sec, confidence intervals generated by bootstrapping. Agreement of these CT parameters with MR perfusion-diffusion mismatch on co-registered slabs was assessed (mismatch ratio >1.2, absolute mismatch>10mL, infarct core<70mL).
Results: In analysis of 98 CTP slabs (54 patients, median onset to CT 190min, median CT to MR 30min), volumetric agreement with the diffusion lesion was substantially improved by constraining relCBF<31% within the automated TTP perfusion lesion ROI (median magnitude of volume difference 9.0mL vs unconstrained 13.9mL, p<0.001). ROC analysis demonstrated the best CT-Tmax threshold to match MR-Tmax>6sec was 6.2sec (95% confidence interval 5.6-7.3sec, ie not significantly different to 6sec), sensitivity 91%, specificity 70%, AUC 0.87. Using CT-Tmax>6s “penumbra” and relCBF<31% (restricted to TTP>4s) “core”, volumetric agreement was sufficient for 90% concordance between CT and MRI-based mismatch status (kappa 0.80).
Conclusions: Automated CTP mismatch classification using relCBF and Tmax is similar to perfusion-diffusion MRI. CTP may allow more widespread application of the “mismatch” paradigm in clinical practice and trials.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.