Abstract 3274: Early Symptom Onset to Arterial Puncture Time in the Endovascular Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke Predicts Successful Revascularization
Background: As is seen in the early door-to-needle times of intravenous thrombolysis in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), prior endovascular management trials have demonstrated early revascularization can lead to improved outcomes. We aimed to study the relationship of the time from acute stroke onset to the time of arterial groin puncture (OTP) as a possible predictor of successful revascularization.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 149 patients who presented to our hospital with AIS and underwent emergent endovascular treatment from January 1, 2008 to March 31, 2011. Charts were reviewed for baseline characteristics, OTP times, and endovascular therapies employed. Primary outcomes included successful revascularization (TIMI 2 to 3 flow), improvement of baseline NIHSS ≥ 4, symptomatic ICH (increase of NIHSS ≥ 4), in-hospital mortality, and mRS two or less at discharge. We excluded patients with OTP times greater than eight hours to ensure consistency with approved usage of mechanical thrombectomy devices. Independent samples T-tests were performed to determine relationships of OTP with our primary outcomes.
Results: Of the 149 patients who underwent endovascular therapy, 120 had OTP times less than eight hours. Of these 120, 44% were male, median age was 73 years (range 17, 93), median baseline NIHSS was 18 (range 5, 28), 53% received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), 69% received intra-arterial tPA, and mechanical thrombectomy was performed in 69%. Internal carotid artery occlusions were seen in 32% of patients, 50% had M1 segment occlusions, and only five patients had posterior circulation occlusions. Successful revascularization was achieved in 70% of interventions, 10% of patients had mRS ≤ 2 at discharge, symptomatic hemorrhage was 18%, and in-hospital mortality was 24%. Patients with TIMI 2 to 3 flow had significantly shorter mean OTP times (3.9 vs 4.5 hours; p=0.024). No significant associations of mean OTP times were found with symptomatic hemorrhage rate (4.4 vs 4.0; p=0.628), in-hospital mortality (4.0 vs 4.0; p=0.677), improvement in NIHSS (3.9 vs 4.2; p=0.283), or a mRS ≤ 2 at discharge (3.7 vs 4.1; p=0.185).
Conclusions: The recanalization rate in our study is comparable to prior endovascular trials. Patients with OTP times less than 3.9 hours were more likely to result in successful revascularization. Onset to groin puncture did not predict in-hospital mortality, symptomatic hemorrhage, or condition at discharge in our study. Further study is needed to determine if advanced perfusion imaging prior to intervention may impact treatment time and ultimately clinical outcome.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.