Abstract 3371: Inherited Thrombophilias In Cryptogenic Stroke Patients Under 55 Years Old
Background: inherited thrombophilias cause venous thrombotic events, however, their association with brain ischemia in adult patients is controversial. Our objective was to study the association between thrombophilia and cryptogenic stroke in patients under 55 years of age.
Methods: prospective observational study of consecutive patients under 55 years of age who had had a brain ischemia (transient ischemic attack of brain infarction). The patients with cryptogenic brain ischemia were compared with the controls patients with brain ischemia of known cause. We examined the presence of thrombophilia (Factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A gene mutations; deficiencies in protein S, protein C and antithrombin levels; resistance to activated protein C) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) in all patients.
Results: Two hundred fifty-four patients were included, 108 with cryptogenic brain ischemia and 146 controls patients with brain ischemia of known cause. Patients with cryptogenic brain ischemia were younger (mean age 42.4 vs. 45.6 years old, P=0.002). The frequency of thrombophilia was significantly higher among patients with cryptogenic brain ischemia than those with brain ischemia of known cause (22.2% vs. 6.8%, P<0.001). Taking into account each thrombophilic disorder separately, prothrombin G20210A mutation and protein C or S deficiency were significantly higher in the cryptogenic brain ischemia group than in the known cause group (10.2% vs. 2.7% and 8.3% vs. 2.1%, respectively, P<0.05) while Factor V Leiden mutation was similar in both groups (4.6% vs. 2.7%, P NS). The frequency of PFO and PFO plus thrombophilia were higher among patients with cryptogenic brain ischemia (35.2% vs. 12.3% and 8.4% vs. 0%, respectively, P<0.001). The PFO (+) cryptogenic brain ischemia patients showed higher frequency of thrombophilia than the other patients (23.7% vs. 11.6%, P=0.043), in particular prothrombin G20210A mutation (15.8% vs. 4.2%, P=0.014). Multivariate analysis adjusted confounding factors showed than the presence of thrombophilia was independently associated with cryptogenic brain ischemia (OR 3.9; 95% CI, 1.69 - 8.97; P=0.001).
Conclusion: there is an association between thrombophilia and cryptogenic brain ichemia in patients under 55 years old. These data suggest that systemic thrombophilic disorders are cause of thromboembolic phenomena in brain arteries
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.