Abstract 3730: Length Of Hospitalization And Discharge Disposition Among Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Moderate To Severe Stroke by Treatment
Background: Data regarding length of stay and discharge disposition in patients with moderate to severe stroke are scarce. We sought to determine Length of Stay (LoS) in a consecutive group of patients admitted at a large academic center and assess for any possible difference in LoS at discharge by treatment modality received and by vessels occlusion status.
Methods: Retrospective review of a database comprising acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to our center between 1/1/2009-3/31/2011. Patient Demographics, treatment modality (IV thrombolytic tissue plasminogen activator (IVtPA), Endovascular (IA), no thrombolytic (NT), LoS, occlusion of major cerebral arteries and discharge disposition were collected. Inclusion criteria were AIS with admission NIHSS ≥10.
Results: A total of 744 patients 361 (48.5%) male, mean age 69.9 years were identified. Treatment modalities: 174 (23%) IVtPA, 177 (24%) IA, 393 (53%) NT. Median NIHSS 16.5 and not significant among the 3 groups (P=.603). Mean LoS was 7.38 days (SD 7.4) with no significant difference between the 3 groups (P=.056). Occlusion to one of the 3 cerebral arteries (ICA, MCA, BA) was: 84% in IVtPA, 100% in IA, 87% in NT. Discharge disposition and LoS by treatment and occlusions are shown in the Table. Among patients treated with IVtPA (n=174) mean LoS was 6.33 days (range 1-27). LoS was significantly longer among those without occlusion vs with any occlusion (P=.001). Among patients that received IA (n=177) mean LoS was 8.21 days (range 0-74). Among patients received NT (n=393) the mean LoS was 7.47 days (range 0-64).
Conclusions: Thrombolytic therapy (IV or EV) in patients with strokes is not associated with longer hospitalizations duration. A significant difference between death rates in patients receiving IA thrombolytic (22%) compared to IV (32%) or NT (30%) was found with fewer death among those that received IA (P= .008). Patients discharged to long term care facilities have regardless of treatment longer LoS (12.41v 6.14) (P>.000).
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.