Abstract 3734: Presurgical fMRI and Morbidity Outcomes in Patients with Vascular Lesions
Background fMRI is being increasingly used as an adjunct imaging technique for preoperative planning for patients with various brain lesions. The proximity of the lesion to eloquent cortex is a major factor in guiding surgical planning. Our group has previously reported significant association between the distance between brain tumor periphery and area of fMRI activation (Lesion-Activation Distance; LAD) and morbidity and mortality outcomes. This study investigated the relationship between vascular lesion LAD and morbidity.
Methods This study was a retrospective analysis of data from patients with vascular lesions [arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) (n=49), and cavernomas (n=57)], who had received fMRI as part of their preoperative planning. The preoperative fMRI included motor mapping (n=87) and/or language mapping (n=102). The fMRI paradigms were chosen based on observed preoperative weakness (aphasia, paresis) and anticipated functional areas of the brain that may be affected by treatment.
Results Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that a model that combines Age and Language LAD was a significant predictor of postoperative deficits (p= 0.04). Broca’s LAD(1-2 cm) X Age was a significant predictor of postoperative deficits (change in odds ratio (OR) =0.82, CI:0.68-0.98). The relationship between Brocas’s LAD and postoperative aphasia and Broca’s LAD and pre and postoperative aphasia trended towards significance (p = .08 and p =.07 respectively). Wernicke’s LAD, independently or combined with Age, was not a significant predictor of postoperative deficits. Binary logistic regression analysis for SMC LAD and postop deficits did not reach significance (p =.10). There were no significant differences in postoperative language or motor deficits as a function of gender or handedness.
Conclusions These results suggest that both age and the proximity of a vascular lesion to language LAD are factors that can help predict postoperative outcomes, especially for Broca’s LAD. The lack of similar results when investigating the relationship between Wernicke’s LAD and postoperative deficits suggests potential brain reorganization and/or robustness of this brain region. These results have implications for the potential use of fMRI as a presurgical tool for language mapping in patients with vascular lesions.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.