Abstract 3884: Stroke Subtypes in Hispanic Patients in the NINDS Stroke Genetics Network (SiGN): A Comparison of Two Classification Systems
Objectives: Identification of gene variants of stroke subtypes is important for the development of tailored ischemic stroke therapies among various ethnic groups. Valid and reliable determination of ischemic stroke subtype is essential for achieving this goal and to standardize a classification scheme across multi-center studies and different populations. Causative Classification System for Ischemic Stroke (CCS) is a novel computerized subclassification tool developed to improve reliability and accuracy of classifying stroke types. The CCS algorithm relies on both phenotypic and causative stroke variables. A Hispanic subset of the SiGN, an important and distinct target population with greater risk of certain stroke subtypes, was evaluated with Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) and CCS and the agreement between the two classification systems was analyzed.
Methods: Over 6000 subjects at 15 sites across US and Europe were enrolled, with TOAST and CCS locally adjudicated. Blood collection and central data quality control (10% central readjudication) were performed on all participants. A subset of Hispanics was analyzed for the purpose of this study and the agreement between the TOAST and CCS were assessed by kappa statistic.
Findings: Hispanics (n=595, 10.9%) compared to non-Hispanics (n=5457) were more likely to be younger (63.7 vs. 64.0), male (55% vs. 46%) and have fewer of the traditional stroke risk factors HTN (54% vs. 64%), Afib (11% vs. 14%), DM(23% vs. 25%), CAD(16% vs. 20%) and smoking(19% vs. 22%). While the TOAST showed no differences between stroke subtypes for Hispanic vs. non-Hispanics, in CCS, Hispanics were classified with more of large vessel (22% vs. 20%), cardioembolic (37% vs. 30%) and small vessel strokes (13% vs. 9%) and fewer with undetermined etiology (28% vs. 40%) as compared to non-Hispanics. TOAST and CCS offered moderate correlation across all stroke types in Hispanics: kappa of 0.66 for large artery atherosclerosis, 0.58 for cardioembolic, and 0.58 for small artery occlusion.
Conclusion: CCS offers a more sensitive and accurate system for subphenotyping of strokes in Hispanics who tended to have relatively fewer risk factors and unclassified strokes. Further studies correlating the two classification systems and their relation to genotyping data are warranted.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.