Abstract 3956: Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Endovascular Treatment for Mycotic Intracranial Aneurysms
Background: Mycotic intracranial aneurysms are rare with primary treatment focusing on underlying infection to reduce the high mortality rates. Treating these aneurysms remains challenging and obliteration procedures without sacrificing the parent artery often fail due to the fusiform and fragile aneurysm wall.
Objective: To determine the outcomes associated with endovascular embolization in patients with mycotic intracranial aneurysms using a large nationally representative sample.
Methods: We determined the frequency of endovascular and surgical procedures performed in patients with mycotic intracranial aneurysms and associated in-hospital outcomes using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Survey (NIS) data files from 2002 to 2009. All the in-hospital outcomes were analyzed after adjusting for potential confounders using multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results: Of the 1,915 patients admitted with the diagnosis of infected “mycotic” aneurysms, 83 (4.3%) underwent endovascular embolization, and 59 (3.1%) underwent surgical treatment. In mycotic aneurysms treated with endovascular treatment compared to surgical treatment, discharge outcomes were better with higher rates of minimal disability self-care (40% vs. 23.7% p=0.2436), and lower rates of moderate-severe disability (36% vs. 40% p=0.7874), and in-hospital deaths death (22.9 vs. 35.2 p= 0.3608). After adjusting for age, gender, and hospital teaching status, discharge mortality after endovascular treatment was not inferior to surgical treatment (odds ratio [OR] 1.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.14 - 17.9) or those treated medically (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.132 - 2.36).
Conclusion: Endovascular embolization for mycotic intracranial aneurysms provides comparable outcomes to surgical treatment and should be considered whenever feasible when aneurysm obliteration is indicated.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.