Abstract 3994: Obese Patients Receiving Intravenous Thrombolysis in Acute Ischemic Stroke Have lower Rates of Intracerebral hemorrhage and Mortality
Background: The current recommended dose of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV rt-PA) for ischemic stroke patients weighing >100 kg is fixed at 90 mg and thus obese patients receive less than the recommend 0.9mg/kg dosage. We hypothesized that obese patients receive a lower dose of thrombolytics and they will have a lower rates of intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH), but lower rates of clinical benefit from IV rt-PA.
Objective: To determine the relationship between obesity and clinical outcomes among acute ischemic stroke patients receiving IV rt-PA.
Methods: Data were obtained from all states within the United States that contributed to the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. All patients admitted to US hospitals between 2002 and 2009 with a primary discharge diagnosis of stroke treated with IV thrombolysis (identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision procedure codes) were included. We analyzed whether the presence of obesity was associated with clinical outcome and ICH with multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjusting for potential confounders.
Results: Of the 84,727 patients with ischemic stroke treated with IV rt-PA, 5,437 (6.4%) had concurrent obesity. The ICH rates between obese and non-obese patients was 4.3% versus 6.1% (p=0.005). After adjusting for age, sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, renal failure, hospital teaching status, and ICH, the presence of obesity was not associated with increased rates of self-care (odds ratio [OR] 0.929, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.815-1.063, p=0.27), but was associated with decreased rates of mortality (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.61 - 0.94, p=0.045) at discharge.
Conclusion: Obese patients undergoing IV t-PA treatment for acute ischemic stroke appear to have lower rates of ICHs and mortality presumably due to lower weight adjusted thrombolytic dose.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.