Abstract 4017: Safety of Intra-Arterial Bolus and Intravenous Infusion of Eptifibatide as an Adjunct to Intravenous Alteplase in Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Prospective Registry
Background and Purpose: Eptifibatide, a competitive platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa receptor inhibitor with high selectivity for platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa receptors and a short half-life, has been shown to reduce the risk of ischemic events associated with coronary interventions. However, its role in conjunction with full dose intravenous alteplase in neurointerventional procedures needs to be determined. We report the results of an open-label prospective registry to evaluate the safety (in terms of avoiding hemorrhagic complications) and effectiveness (in terms of recannalization rates and clinical improvement) of administering eptifibatide.
Method: Patients data was prospectively maintained at a University-affiliated community hospital from January 2010 to June 2011. Consecutive patients with moderate to severe stroke who received intravenous Alteplase and failed to improve were studied. Femoral artery access was established and site of cerebral occlusion crossed with microcatheter. Each patient was administered 135 mcg/kg intraarterial bolus followed by intravenous eptifibatide infusion (0.5-microg/kg/min) for 20 hours. The outcome analysis was done to look at recannalization rates, clinical improvement within 24 hours and mRS at discharge. The primary safety end point was symptomatic intracranial or major extra-cranial bleeding.
Result: Sixteen patients (Mean Age 72.7, Range 30-93, Male-5(31.25%), Female-11(68.75%)) underwent treatment with this strategy. Recannalization was achieved in 93.75%(n=16)(Complete Recannalization in 43.75%, Partial Recannalization in 50%). There was immediate clinical improvement in 68.75% and good outcomes in 31.25%. One symptomatic and one asymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage occurred during the follow-up period. Minor femoral site bleeding without requiring transfusion occurred in one patient.
Conclusions: In conclusion, eptifibatide administered as an adjunct to thrombectomy for bridging after intravenous Alteplase appears to be safe and promotes recannalization in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Further studies are required to analyze eptifibatide efficacy after intravenous alteplase and its role in neurointerventional procedures.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.