MR-DWI–Positive Lesions and Symptomatic Ischemic Complications After Coiling of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms
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Background and Purpose—The aims of this study are to evaluate the risk factors for symptomatic ischemic complication (symptomatic ischemic complication [SIC], transient ischemic attack, or stroke) and microembolisms detected as MR diffusion-weighted imaging (MR-DWI)–positive (DWI(+)) lesions, and the relationship between DWI(+) and SIC after coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysm.
Methods—Between March 2009 and November 2011, 382 unruptured intracranial aneurysms in 343 patients underwent both coiling and posttreatment MR-DWI. The incidence of and risk factors for SIC and DWI(+), and the relationship between DWI(+) and SIC were retrospectively analyzed.
Results—The incidence of SIC was 4.1%. The incidence of DWI(+) was 54.5%. The number of DWI(+) lesions was significantly larger in the SIC group, than in the asymptomatic one (12.1±10.4 versus 5.0±8.7, P<0.00). The cutoff value of DWI(+) for predicting SIC was ≥6 (sensitivity 85.7%, specificity 70.7%). The patients with DWI(+) ≥6 was 28.6%. Of the patients with SIC, the patients with DWI(+) ≥6 was 78.6%. Patients aged≥65 years had a trend for SIC, and it was the only independent risk factor for DWI(+) ≥cutoff (n=6; 95%CI, 1.167–3.083).
Conclusions—The number of DWI(+) lesions was significantly larger in the SIC group than in the asymptomatic one after coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysm. Patients aged≥65 had a trend for SIC, and it was the only independent risk factor for the number of DWI(+) ≥cutoff value (n=6) for predicting SIC.
- Received July 4, 2012.
- Revision received October 7, 2012.
- Accepted October 13, 2012.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.