Abstract 118: Burden of Blood Pressure-Related Alleles is Associated with Larger Hematoma Volume and Worse Outcome in Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Purpose: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the acute manifestation of a progressive disease of the cerebral small vessels. The severity of this disease appears to influence not only risk of ICH, but also the size of the hematoma. As the burden of high blood pressure(BP)-associated alleles is associated with hypertension-related end-organ damage, we sought to determine if this burden influences ICH admission hematoma volume (AHV).
Methods: Prospective study undertaken in 441 ICH patients of European ancestry (210 deep and 231 lobar intracranial hematomas). Forty-three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) known to be associated with high BP were genotyped in Illumina610-Quad. Single-SNP association analyses with AHV were performed using linear regression. Subsequently, a genetic risk score was calculated as the sum of the products generated by multiplying, at each of the 43 loci, the number risk alleles times the reported effect of that allele on BP. The score was utilized as the independent variable of univariate and multivariate regression models for 2 outcomes: AHV and poor clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale 3-6). Principal components analysis was utilized to account for population structure.
Results: Individually assessed, no single SNP was associated with AHV. In univariate linear regression, the genetic risk score was associated with AHV in all (deep and lobar) and deep locations (Figure 1), but not in lobar hemorrhages.
In multivariate regression analyses, each additional standard deviation of the genetic risk score increased mean deep AHV by 21% (or 2.7-milliliter increase, beta=0.21, standard error=0.08, p=0.01) and risk poor clinical outcome by 55% (odds ratio=1.55, 95% confidence interval 1.05-2.28, p=0.03). No significant associations were observed when considering all (deep and lobar) and lobar hemorrhages.
Conclusion: In deep ICH, increasing numbers of high BP-related alleles are associated with larger AHV and poor clinical outcome.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.