Abstract 33: PFO in Cryptogenic Stroke: An Analysis of “High Risk” Features on Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Risk of Paradoxical Embolism Database
Introduction: A patent foramen ovale (PFO) discovered in the setting of a cryptogenic stroke (CS) may be stroke-related or incidental. We have developed a score to stratify CS patients according to the probability that the event is attributable to a PFO (the Risk of Paradoxical Embolism (RoPE) Score), based on easily obtainable clinical and neuroradiological (but not transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) variables. In this study, we examined whether putative “high risk” TEE features - shunt size, presence of a hypermobile septum, and presence of a right-to-left shunt at rest - vary across RoPE Score strata.
Methods and Results: The RoPE Study combined existing cohort studies to create a pooled database of patients with CS and PFO. We dichotomized patients into groups and examined whether putative high risk TEE features are seen more frequently in those with “probable stroke-related” PFOs (RoPE Score of >6, estimated PFO attributable fraction 72-99%, n=637) than in those with lower RoPE Scores (<6, PFO attributable fraction 0-71%, n=657). None of the TEE features differed between the groups (large physiologic size, p=0.53; hypermobile septum, p=0.44; shunt at rest, p=0.11). Extensive additional exploratory analyses did not reveal any consistent associations between different RoPE Score strata and presumptive high risk echocardiographic features.
Conclusion: We found no evidence that proposed TEE markers for “high risk” PFOs correlate with the estimated likelihood that a PFO is related to an index CS. Additional imaging tools or better standardization of imaging techniques are needed to determine whether specific anatomic features are associated with whether a discovered PFO is likely to be related to CS.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.