Abstract NS16: The Discriminant Validity of the AD8 in Detecting Post-stroke Vascular Cognitive Impairment
Background: The AD8 is an informant-based brief cognitive screening instrument, which can be administered to the patient in the absence of an informant in detecting patients with dementia at the memory clinic or in the community. However, its discriminant validity in detecting post-stroke Vascular Cognitive Impairment (VCI) has not been reported.
Purpose: Our aims were to examine the discriminant validity of the AD8 for the detection of VCI by comparing the AD8 (both informant-rated and patient-rated) to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE).
Method: Patients with ischemic stroke and TIA were recruited from the stroke neurology service of the National University Health System in Singapore. Their consensus diagnoses of VCI and no cognitive impairment (NCI) were established by clinical assessment including formal neuropsychological evaluation and neuroimaging according to the internationally accepted criteria. Patients received the AD8, MMSE and MoCA whilst their informants received AD8. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was employed to examine the discriminant validity of the informant AD8 in detecting VCI.
Results: Sixty patient-informant dyads were recruited (34 VCI and 26 NCI). There were no significant differences in age between patients with VCI and NCI (69.5 ±9.4 vs 66.8±6.8, p>.05). Informant AD8 had shown a trend of superior discriminant validity compared to patient AD8 in detecting VCI (Area Under the Curve (95% Confident Interval): .81 (.70- .93), .67 (.54- .81), p=.06). At the respective optimal cutoff points, the informant AD8 (≥1) had acceptable sensitivity and specificity whilst the patient AD8 (≥3) had poor sensitivity and good specificity (sensitivity: .79 vs .32; specificity: .73 vs .96, correctly classified 76.7% vs 60.0%). In addition, the informant AD8 was equivalent to the MMSE and inferior to the MoCA in detecting VCI.
Conclusions: The informant AD8 has demonstrated a trend of superior discriminant validity compares to the patient AD8 in detecting post-stroke VCI. Stroke nurses may adopt this brief instrument for targeted cognitive screening of older patients with stroke/TIA.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.