Abstract TMP15: Contralateral Hemispheric Atrophy After Major Hemispheric Infarction
Objective: Atrophy of the ipsilateral hemisphere, cerebral peduncle, and contralateral cerebellum predict outcome after stroke; little is known of the effect of stroke on the contralateral hemisphere although it plays an important role in functional reorganization.
Methods: All patients who underwent decompressive hemicraniectomy for malignant hemispheric infarction at UH-CMC between 1/2003-12/2009 were analyzed with IRB approval. Patients with adequate CT scans both prior to surgery and after reconstructive cranioplasty were included; those with communicating hydrocephalus, confounding lesions or ≥ 10 mm of midline shift were excluded. Brainlab iPlan® software (Germany) was used to manually trace the infarct, non-infarct ipsilateral and contralateral hemisphere on axial, sagittal and coronal slices.
Results: Of 30 patients, 9 met inclusion criteria. The inter-rater reliability of volumetric analyses was excellent (r=0.99). The mean contralateral hemisphere volume at follow-up was significantly reduced compared to the baseline study (465.987 ± 78.32 cc vs 493.429 ±76.92 cc, p< 0.0001, Fisher’s two-tailed t-test). Contralateral hemispheric atrophy was identified in all patients (mean 27.441 cc, range 4.985 - 42.807 cc) and represented a loss of 5.7% (1.2 - 11.16%) of the original volume. Contralateral hemispheric atrophy was significantly related to the volume of the infarct and the time from stroke onset to decompressive hemicraniectomy but not to the extent of midline shift on the post-operative scan nor <10 mm on the pre-operative scan. Contralateral hemispheral atrophy was identified early and not related to the length of follow-up (median 4.5, range 2-43 months).
Conclusions: Contralateral hemispheric atrophy occurs within months of major hemispheral infarction and is related to infarct size and the time to decompressive hemicraniectomy.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.