Abstract TMP82: Increased Intracerebral Hemorrhage During Acute and Chronic Hypertension in Alzheimer's Transgenic Mice
Hypertension is a major risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and the accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) in the cerebrovascular system, cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), is also a significant risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage ICH. Currently, there are no animal studies demonstrating a direct involvement of hypertension in the accumulation of Alzheimer’s disease-like pathology. To address this issue we have developed several mouse models that combine hypertension protocols with amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic mice (Tg2576), which accumulate significant CAA in the large cerebral vessels and the meninges by 18 months of age. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of acute and chronic hypertension on ICH in wildtype and a transgenic mouse model overexpressing a mutant human amyloid precursor protein (Tg2576 mice) associated with early onset AD and CAA. Fifteen-month-old Tg2576 mice and non-transgenic (nTg) littermates were treated with an angiotensin II (AngII) infusion (1000 ng/kg/min) and L-NAME (100 mg/kg/day) in drinking water to produce chronic hypertension. One week later, transient acute hypertension was induced by daily AngII injections (0.5 μg/g, s.c., twice daily) to produce ICH. A similar increase in mean blood pressure was observed in Tg2576 and nTg mice when evaluated 2 weeks after initiation of treatment. However Tg2576 mice had a higher incidence of signs of stroke compared with nTg littermates (P > 0.05). These data suggest that the accumulation of Aβ in the brain has an important role in development of ICH. Moreover, there was robust glial activation and increase in CAA in the gray matter of Tg2576 mice showing that hypertension may affect gray as well as white matter in the brain. Further studies may provide insights into the hypertension-induced changes in the cerebral vascular system that initiated the increase in CAA. The accumulation of Aβ in the cerebrovascular system is a significant risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and has been linked to endothelial transport failure and blockage of perivascular drainage. While management of hypertension and atherosclerosis can reduce the incidence of ICH, there are currently no approved therapies for attenuating CAA.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.