Abstract TP135: White Matter Hyperintensities in Relation to Severity of Intracranial Atherosclerotic Stenosis
Background & Objectives: White matter hyperintensities (WMH) is regarded as a small-vessel disease because the accompanying silent infarcts are predominantly lacunes and share the same pathological basis with WMH. Endothelial dysfunction is known to play a cardinal role in progression of WMH. Accordingly, atherosclerotic burden might be associated with the development of WMH. Because metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased risk of WMH and with intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS), we assessed the hypothesis that WMH might be related to ICAS in ischemic stroke patients. We compared a severity of WMH among the ICAS, extracranial (ECAS), and no cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis (NCAS) groups.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 605 Korean patients with acute ischemic stroke (mean age 67.7±12.8; 347 males), who underwent brain MRI/MRA. The severity of deep WMH (d-WMH, n=495) and periventricular WMH (pv-WMH, n=521) was rated separately. Irrespective of index stroke mechanisms, patients were classified into three groups: ICAS (n=294), extracranial (ECAS, n=63), and no cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis (NCAS, n=248). Stenosis groups and demographics, including the presence of MetS, were compared between patients with d-/pv-WMH and without.
Results: The ICAS group showed a higher d-WMH / pv-WMH grade (1.61±0.85 / 1.64±0.80) than both the ECAS (1.29±0.87 / 1.21±0.77) and NCAS (1.15±0.92 / 1.21±0.82) groups (P<0.001 for all). Patients with more severe ICAS were more likely to have higher grades of d-WMH and pv-WMH (P<0.001 for all). Patients with higher grades of d-WMH and pv-WMH had a higher incidence of ICAS (P<0.001 for all) but not of ECAS or NCAS. Patients with a greater number of MetS components were more likely to have higher grades of d-WMH and pv-PWMH (P<0.001 for all). With a multivariable analysis, a dose-response relationship was observed between the presence of ICAS and the WMH: (1) for d-WMH, OR=3.25 (95% CI, 1.18-8.96) for 2 ICAS, OR=6.39 (1.84-22.14) for ≥3 ICAS, (2) for pv-WMH, OR=2.22 (95% CI, 1.25-3.95) for 2 ICAS, OR=3.40 (1.89-6.09) for ≥3 ICAS versus 1 ICAS.
Conclusions: ICAS, rather than ECAS or NCAS is a predictor of d-/pv-WMH. ICAS burden might be the substrate for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.