Abstract TP144: Mechanisms And Prognosis Of Acute Ischemic Stroke Related To Acute Aortic Dissection
Background: Acute aortic dissection (AD) is one of the lethal cardiac diseases involving the aorta. Although pain is a typical symptom, stroke may not rarely occur with the occlusive dissection of aortic branches or hypotension under the condition of AD. We attempted to explores the clinical features, possible mechanisms and prognosis of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) related to AD
Method: Medical records of 278 consecutive patients with AD (165 with type A and 113 with type B dissection) over 11.5 years were retrospectively analyzed for clinical history, CT or MRI findings and outcome. AIS were categorized into early- or delayed-onset stroke. Early-onset stroke was defined as an AIS presented at admission, and delayed-onset stroke was an AIS which were developed during the two months after the first admission.
Results: 26 (9.4%) patients experienced an ischemic stroke, which included 22 with type A and 4 with type B dissection. 8 patients (2.9%) including a case of TIA had an early-onset stroke, whereas delayed-onset stroke occurred in 18 patients (6.5%) postoperatively or under medical treatment. Early-onset stroke was all referable to the anterior circulation, predominantly right-sided (87.5%). One or more main branches of the aortic arch were involved in 6 out of 8 patients (75%) with early-onset stroke. Innominate artery was most frequently involved (75.0%). In contrast, delayed-onset stroke affected similarly bilateral carotid territories, and also included lesions in bilateral carotid, posterior-circulation and anterior/posterior-circulation territories. Among the 26 patients, 8 patients (30.8%) expired within 6 months of the disease onset (3 cases from hemispheric stroke with brain herniation, 2 cases from aortic rupture, 2 cases from sepsis with multiple organ failure and a case from mesentery ischemia and renal failure). Additionally, 9 patients (34.6%) remained functionally dependent six months later.
Conclusion: AD not infrequently causes AIS with grave prognosis, especially in patients with type A dissection. The presumed mechanisms were aortic branch dissection causing luminal occlusion and emboli from thrombosed vascular lumen and hypotension under the condition of AD.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.