Abstract TP196: New Zealand Workforce Stroke Incidence: Urban and Rural Risk Factor Evaluation
This analysis aims to assess the impact of urban and rural risk factors on a model of stroke incidence in a New Zealand workforce population.
The New Zealand study consisted of 4,926 subjects prospectively enrolled at 46 worksites. The subjects were aged 40-78 years at baseline and had no prior history of stroke. This prospective study defines stroke events experienced by the study subjects during follow-up between 1988 and 2012 based on hospital admission coding. Proportional hazards regression models were fit using baseline characteristics. The difference in stroke outcomes for urban and rural worksites was also evaluated.
Results demonstrate that baseline demographic, physical exam, and behavioural measures impact stroke outcomes. While the baseline distribution of stroke risk factors such as Pacific Island ethnicity, smoking status, and increased blood pressure indicates a potentially higher risk of stroke in the rural population, the proportional hazards model does not identify increased stroke risk for rural workers. Additional analysis of the diet, exercise and Quality of Life measures for these subjects may provide further information into the stroke risk profiles of individuals working in different locales.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.