Abstract TP200: Independent Contribution of HbA1c, Systolic Blood Pressure, and LDL Cholesterol Control to Risk of Ischemic Stroke Hospitalizations in Type 2 Diabetes
Risk of ischemic stroke is approximately doubled in patients with diabetes. To reduce risk, managing diabetes includes optimizing glycemic, blood pressure (BP), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control. We studied which risk factors alone or in combination were most strongly associated with stroke hospitalizations.
We identified 26,924 Kaiser Permanente Northwest members with type 2 diabetes and no known prior cardiovascular disease hospitalization. Beginning in 2002, we identified the earliest point patients had glycosolated hemoglobin (HbA1c), systolic BP (SBP), and LDL-C measurements within 6 months of each other and followed them until they died, disenrolled, or 31 December 2011. Outcome was hospitalization with primary diagnosis of ischemic stroke. Using mean HbA1c, SBP, and LDL-C between baseline and end of follow-up, we identified dichotomous categories of control of HbA1c (<7%), SBP (<130 mm Hg) and LDL-C (<100 mg/dL) and estimated the relative risk of stroke hospitalization independently associated with all combinations of risk factors controlling for age, sex, diabetes duration, comorbidities, body mass index, smoking, and pharmacotherapy.
Mean (SD) age of patients was 59 (12) years; 50% were men. Over mean (SD) follow-up of 6.2 (2.8) years, 606 (2.3%) patients were hospitalized for ischemic stroke. Compared with patients with all 3 risk factors in control, patients who had no risk factors controlled or only HbA1c controlled had >2-fold increased risk of ischemic stroke. Patients who controlled both SBP and LDL-C had significantly lower risk relative to control of all 3 risk factors.
In this observational study, maintaining control of SBP over 6.2 years was essential to reduction of ischemic stroke risk. Simultaneous control of LDL-C further reduced risk, but HbA1c control <7% did not mitigate stroke risk beyond SBP and LDL-C control. Further research is needed to evaluate the relationship between HbA1c control and stroke risk.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.