Abstract TP205: Clinical Aspects Of First-ever Stroke In Patients With Permanent Pacemaker
OBJECTIVES: Recently, increasing numbers of patients take pacemaker implantation: almost sixty thousands in Japan, and no less than two hundreds of thousands in the United States per year. Previous reports have indicated that prevalence of atrial fibrillation (Af) is high, and several coagulation markers are elevated in those with pacemaker. However, the precise features of stroke with implanted device are not clear. We, thus, examined the clinical aspects of stroke in pacemaker patients.
METHODS: For the present study, we analyzed data from the Fukuoka Stroke Registry that is a multicenter epidemiological study database on acute stroke. From June 1999 to May 2011, 11376 ischemic stroke patients (72±12 years of age, female/male=4613/6763) who admitted to the hospital within seven days after onset were enrolled in the registry. Stroke subtypes were classified according to the diagnostic criteria of TOAST (Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment).
RESULTS: A total of 207 patients (1.8% of registered stroke patients) were with pacemaker. Among them, 130 patients had no history of any stroke. They appeared to be a mean age of 81±9 (range 42 to 97) years, and female/male ratio of 77/53. Mean duration from pacemaker implantation to stroke onset was 8±7 (median 6, quartile 3-11) years. 32 patients (25%) were given oral anticoagulant prior to stroke onset; 60 (46%) were on antiplatelet. Prevalence of Af in pacemaker patients was 48% (n=63). In those with Af, 48 patients (76%) were diagnosed as cardioembolic stroke, but only 22 (35%) were on anticoagulation before onset. Even in those without Af, 33 cases (49%) were also diagnosed as cardioembolic. The percentage of subjects with increased plasma D-dimer (≥1.5 μg/ml) was significantly higher in pacemaker group than no-pacemaker group, regardless of the presence or absence of Af (75% vs. 45% with Af; p<0.0001, 74% vs. 25% without Af; p<0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: In our current study, stroke in pacemaker patients revealed to have higher incidence of cardiogenic embolism, with or without Af. In addition, the majority was elderly, and failed to receive anticoagulant prior to stroke. It is needed to re-consider therapeutic strategy, including anticoagulation, for prevention of stroke in those with permanent pacemaker.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.