Abstract TP208: Medullary Infarction is Associated with Severe Sleep Disordered Breathing
Background and Purpose: A relationship between presence or severity of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and site of lesion in ischemic stroke patients has been unclear. Our aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between presence or severity of SDB and site of ischemic lesions in stroke patients.
Subjects and Methods: Between April 2010 and March 2012, consecutive ischemic stroke patients within 24 hours of onset were prospectively enrolled. Ischemic lesions were identified by MRI on admission. Patient underwent sleep study to evaluate the presence and severity of SDB within 7 days after admission. SDB was defined as a respiratory disturbance index (RDI; apnea/hypopnea events per hour) ≥ 5, and severe SDB was defined as a RDI ≥ 40. We investigated the relationship between presence or severity of SDB and clinical characteristics including site of ischemic lesions.
Results: A total of 214 patients (mean age 71.3, male 132) were enrolled. Supratentrial lesion was observed in 166 (77.6%) patients and right side lesion in 101 (47.2%) patients. Sites of ischemic lesions were as follows; cortex (n=11), subcortex (n=35), cortex plus subcortex (n=75), basal ganglia (n=57), thalamus (n=13), midbrain (n=3), pons (n=27), medulla (n=11), and cerebellum (n=22). Sleep study was performed at 4 days (median). The median RDI (IQR) was 20 (10-34). SDB patients were found in 187 (87%) patients. There were no significant differences in frequency of each site of lesions between SDB and non-SDB patients. Severe SDB was observed in 42 (19.6%) patients. Age (75 (70-83) vs. 72 (64-78), p=0.047), NIHSS score on admission (3 (1-10) vs. 7 (2-12), p=0.047), the frequency of atrial fibrillation (41% vs. 22%, p=0.012) and medullary lesions (12% vs. 4%, p=0.027) were significantly higher in severe SDB patients than non-severe SDB. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that medullary lesions (OR 5.5, 95%CI 1.41-21.8, p=0.014) was independently associated with severe SDB.
Conclusions: Medullary lesion in stroke patients should be associated with severe SDB.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.