Abstract TP21: Impact Of Complete Recanalization On The Relationships Between Pretreatment Dwi Volume And Clinical Outcome In Patients Treated By Endovascular Treatment.
Objectives: To evaluate the relationships between pre-treatment DWI volume and clinical outcome following endovascular therapy.
Methods: Patients from the REcanalisation using Combined intravenous Alteplase and Neurointerventional ALgorithm for acute Ischemic StrokE (RECANALISE) study who suffered an acute hemispheric infarction with a large vessel occlusion and underwent DWI before endovascular treatment were enrolled. DWI volumes were automatically calculated by the RAPID software. Recanalization was graded using the TIMI scale. Outcomes assessed were favorable outcome (mRS 0-2) and death at 90 days. Findings: 66% (138/210) of the patients were eligible for this substudy. Mean age was 69.6 years (+/-17.6), median NIHSS 16 (IQR: 10-21) median time to MRI 110 min (IQR 77-178), and median time to treatment 149 min (IQR: 115-250). Median DWI volume was 14mL (IQR: 5 to 43) and was categorized into tertiles.Median volume per tertile were: Small: 3mL(IQR:1-5); Moderate 14mL(IQR:10-20) and Large 60mL(IQR:43-104)including 19 patients with a very large DWI lesion (>70mL). TIMI 3 was achieved in 47%[median delay 238 min, (IQR, 206 to 285)]and TIMI 2 in 38%; [median delay 269 min, (IQR, 219 to 350)]. Overall, the rate of favorable outcome decreased and the death rate increased gradually with DWI volume.( cf Table) After adjustment for age and NIHSS, complete recanalization was associated with a higher rate of favorable outcome and decreased death rate in the moderate and large DWI volume tertiles.(cf table)This relationship was not observed in patients with very large (>70 mL) or small DWI volumes.
Conclusion: In patients undergoing endovascular treatment, our results demonstrate that increasing DWI volumes were associated with a worse outcome while a complete recanalization was associated with a significant better clinical outcome in patients with a moderate to large DWI lesion. This relationship was not observed in small or very large DWI lesion volume (>70 mL). />
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.