Abstract TP221: Using Berlin Questionnaire and Epworth Sleepiness Scale to Identify Stroke Patients at Risk for the Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Background: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is frequent in the acute phase of stroke. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been found in 62% of stroke patients. The impact of OSA is significant after ischemic stroke, including early neurological deterioration, poor functional outcome and increased long-term mortality. However, performing polysomnography (PSG) for all patients with acute stroke for diagnose OSA is still impracticable. Therefore clinical tools to select patients at higher risk for OSA would be essential. The aim of this study was to determine the validity of the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) to identify stroke patients in whom the PSG would be indicated.
Methods: Subjects with ischemic stroke were stratified into high and low risk groups for SDB using a BQ. The ESS ≥ 10 was used to define excessive daytime sleepiness. The BQ and ESS were administered to the relatives of stroke patients at hospital admission. All patients were submitted to a full overnight PSG at the first night after symptoms onset. OSA severity was measured by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI).
Results: We prospectively studied 40 ischemic stroke patients. The mean age was 62 ± 12.1 years and the obstructive sleep apnea (AHI ≥ 15) was present in 67.5%. On stratifying risk of OSA in these patients based on the QB, 77.5% belonged to the high-risk and 50% to the ESS ≥ 10. The sensitivity of QB was 85%, the specificity 35%, the positive predictive value 74% and the negative predictive value 55%. For ESS was respectively 63%, 85%, 89% and 52%. The diagnostic value of the BQ and ESS in combination to predict OSA had a sensitivity of 58%, a specificity of 89%, a positive predictive value of 95% and a negative predictive value of 38%.
Conclusions: The QB even applied to the bed-partners of stroke patients is a useful screening tool for OSA.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.