Abstract TP278: Prevalence Of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome and its Impact On Outcome In Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients Receiving IV tPA Therapy
Background: Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) is a generalized inflammatory state linked to a release of various pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and associated with fibrin deposition, platelet aggregation, and coagulopathies. Although SIRS is associated with various inflammatory and ischemic conditions, its prevalence and impact on patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has not been extensively studied.
Methods: A retrospective cross sectional study was used to look at the prevalence of SIRS and its impact on outcome in AIS patients treated with IV tPA between 2009-2011 at our tertiary care center. SIRS was diagnosed if two or more of the following were present: temperature < 36°C or > 38°C, heart rate > 90/min, respiratory rate >20/min or PaCO2 <32 mmHg and WBC count <4000/mm3 or >12000/mm3 or 10% bands. Patients meeting the SIRS criteria for at least 24h were included in the study. Patients with signs of active infection such as pneumonia, UTI, bacteremia, and sinusitis or deep venous thrombosis were excluded from the study. The discharge modified Rankin score (mRS) was used to compare the short-term outcomes between patients with and without SIRS. An mRS of 4-6 was used to define poor functional outcome.
Results: Out of the 212 patients screened, 44 met the SIRS criteria (21%). The median NIHSS for SIRS patients was 9 (range 0-32). SIRS patients were more likely to have a longer length of stay than non-SIRS patients (5 vs. 3 days; p<0.0001). Patients with SIRS had worse functional outcomes compared to patients without SIRS (OR=2.824, 95% CI, 1.358 - 5.871, p=0.0054). Adjusting for pre-tPA NIHSS, age and race, SIRS remained a predictor of poor outcome (OR= 2.581, 95% CI, 1.163 - 5.727, p=0.0197). Presence of SIRS did not have a significant effect upon in-hospital mortality (OR=1.978, 95% CI, 0.774 - 5.057, p=0.1545).
Conclusions: One out of five AIS patients treated with IV tPA developed SIRS. The presence of SIRS is associated with poor short-term functional outcomes and prolonged length of stay.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.