Abstract TP308: Reduced Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate And Outcomes Of Intracerebral Hemorrhage: The SAMURAI-ICH Study
Background and Purpose: The association between chronic kidney disease and clinical outcomes in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains uncertain. We aimed to assess associations of renal dysfunction and outcomes in acute ICH patients treated with intensive BP lowering.
Methods: The SAMURAI-ICH study was a prospective, multicenter, observational study. A total of 211 patients with acute supratentorial ICH were recruited. BP was targeted between 120 mmHg and 160 mmHg during initial 24 h using intravenous nicardipine. Glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using admission serum creatinine. After 23 patients on maintenance hemodialysis were excluded, the remaining 188 were divided into 3 groups as follows: Group 1, eGFR of <60; Group 2, 60 to 75; and Group 3, ≥75 mL/min/1.73m2. Clinical outcomes were hematoma expansion of ≥33% at 24 h, neurological deterioration within 72 h (GCS decrement ≥2 points or NIHSS increment ≥4 points), and favorable (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] ≤2) and unfavorable (mRS ≥5) outcomes at 3 months.
Results: Of 188 patients, 35 (18 women) were allocated to Group 1, 58 (20) to Group 2, and 95 (33) to Group 3. Significant differences among 3 groups were found in age (73.1±13.6, 63.3±13.2, 63.8±9.8 yo; p <0.001) and initial systolic BP (208.9±18.1, 201.2±15.6, 200.2±14.8 mmHg; p=0.018). Initial hematoma volume (14.9±11.9, 15.5±14.9, 14.3±12.3 mL) and initial median NIHSS score (14, 11, 13) were similar among 3 groups. For outcomes, significant differences among 3 groups were found in favorable outcome (17.7%, 51.7%, 41.3%; p=0.004) and unfavorable outcome (22.9%, 10.3%, 5.3%; p=0.021), but not in hematoma expansion (17.1%, 10.3%, 22.1%) and neurological deterioration (11.4%, 8.6%, 7.4%). After adjustment with initial hematoma volume, initial systolic BP and initial NIHSS score, eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73m2 was inversely associated with favorable outcome (OR 0.20, 95% CI 0.07-0.54) and positively associated with unfavorable outcome (4.27, 1.36-13.53).
Conclusions: Although decreased eGFR on admission was not associated with initial hematoma volume or initial NIHSS score, it was associated with poor outcomes at 3 months of ICH onset.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.