Abstract TP322: Towards better screening for Post Stroke Depression
Post stroke depression (PSD), occurring in 33% of stroke survivors, is considered the most critical obstacle to rehabilitation after stroke. PSD is consistently linked with increased length of hospital stay, motivation to undergo rehabilitation, poorer rehabilitation outcomes, decreased engagement in recreational and social pursuits, decreased quality of life, and mortality. Although addressing PSD should be considered a critical factor in stroke recovery, the condition remains largely under-diagnosed. A challenge to diagnosis of PSD is a lack of appropriate screening tools. Existing screening tools were not designed for stroke populations or are too time consuming and complex to be utilized routinely. The goal of the present study was to identify a quick, two item screening tool for PSD that requires no training or scoring. Specifically, we examined what brief combination of dichotomized self-report questions can be used as indicators for a DSM-IV-TR classification of depression in stroke survivors In this prospective natural history study, a consecutive sample of 121 stroke survivors completed comprehensive interviews at 10 days post stroke. Contender questions assessing mood, cognition, physical functioning, social support, and relationship profiles were selected based on previous findings. At 10 days, 7 of 121 participants were classified as depressed in accordance with the SCID-I, the gold standard diagnostic tool for clinical depression. Results of logistic regression indicated that patients who met threshold on two MHI item, are you a happy person and have you been so down in the dumps, were 25 times more likely to be depressed than patients who did not (C Statistic > 0.90). As well, these brief questions better predicted PSD at 10 days than did the total MHI score. In the present paper, screening models are considered with regard to practical and theoretical issues in the assessment of PSD. The present study indicates that quick and simple screening tools designed for PSD can be used to select patients for diagnostic assessments and facilitate timely diagnoses of PSD. The present study contributes to our understanding of the clinical presentation of depression in the context of stroke and to our goal of facilitating recovery from stroke.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.