Abstract TP341: Nursing Impact on the Acute Stroke Team - Driving Practice in a Collaborative Environment
Background /Purpose: In 2005 a community hospital began the journey to Primary Stroke Center. One aspect was to develop a stroke response team. The acute stroke team must provide neurologist expertise at bedside, be cost neutral, compliment the workflow in the Emergency Department, and maximize the limited number of neurologists on staff. Stroke unit nurses were identified as neurological experts in the hospital. After intense training, Stroke Alert went live in October of 2007. The nurse led acute stroke team (AST) collaborated with the medical staff to increase the total volume of stroke patients receiving t-PA. With additional training, the nurse led team assisted in the identification and transfer of patients for endovascular therapy.
Method: A group of 12 nurses were trained by the stroke medical director to complete a stroke assessment, then to communicate those findings to the neurologist on call and the Emergency Department physicians. The nurse responders and the Emergency Department nurses were trained to mix and calculate the doses for t-PA. In 2010 the nurse responders were educated on the criteria for endovascular therapy, including time frames, patient assessment, and key CT results. In 2011, the nurse responders were re-educated on the golden hour of stroke.
Results: Since 2008, over 450 stroke alerts have been activated each year. The administration of t-PA increased from 4 patients in 2007 to 43 patients in 2011; an additional 9 patients were sent to another facility for endovascular therapy. In the first 6 months of 2012, over 50% of patients receive t-PA in less than 60 minutes and Gold plus from the AHA was achieved.
Conclusion: Nurses can be a vital asset to the AST by providing neurological expertise, collaborating with physicians, and driving the stroke protocols.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.