Abstract TP428: Microsurgical and Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms
Introduction: Distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms are less common and surgical morbidity has been reported relatively high due to intraoperative rupture and narrow surgical field. Endovascular treatment can be alternative to surgery. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of endovascular coiling for ruptured DACA aneurysms comparing with microsurgical clipping.
Patients and Methods: Between January 1999 and March 2012, consecutive 94 patients with ruptured DACA aneurysm were treated by surgical clipping (n=52, 55.3%) and endovascular coiling (n=42, 44.7%) in five institutions including only 2 cases of recurrence (2.1%, 1 in clip and 1 in coil). The clinical outcomes of patients and procedure-related complications (intraprocedural rupture and any infarction) were evaluated and compared between two groups.
Results: There were 38 males and 56 females (mean age; 55.1 years). Initial Hunt-Hess grade was GII in 25 patients (37.2%), GIII in 36 patients (38.3%), GIV in 12 patients (12.8%), and GV in 11 patients (11.7%), which was significantly higher in coil group (2.77 in clip vs 3.26 in coil, p=0.016). Initial CT scanning showed ruptured DACA aneurysm with ICH (n=35; 37.2%) and hydrocephalus (n=25; 26.6%). Maximal diameter of aneurysm was less than 5mm in 36 (38.3%), 5~10mm in 53 (56.4%), and 10mm and more than in 5 (5.3%). Technical success rate was 100% and complete occlusion or neck remnant of aneurysm was achieved in 87 [92.6%, 49 (96.1%) in clip vs 38 (90.5%) in coil, p=0.404] and incomplete in 6 (6.4%). At discharge, favorable outcome (modified GOS; good and fair) was obtained in 70 [77.8%, 44 (84.6%) in clip vs 26 (68.4%) in coil, p=0.078]. Intraprocedural rupture occurred only in clipping group [6 cases (11.5%), p=0.031]. Any procedure-related infarction occurred in 7 [7.4%, 6 (11.5%) in clip vs 1 (2.4%) in coil, p=0.126]. Intraprocedural thrombus was detected in 5 cases of coil group and most of them were restored by thrombolytic therapy. There was one case of acute rebleeding in coiling group and this patient died.
Conclusions: Endovascular coiling was comparable treatment with clipping for ruptured DACA aneurysms.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.