Abstract WMP42: Remote Ischemic Stroke Decreases Quiescence and Increases Neurogenic Activation of Radial Glia-like Precursors in the Subgranular Zone of the Dentate Gyrus in Adult Mice
Adult neurogenesis occurs in two discrete neurogenic niches in the mammalian brain: the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles and the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus in the hippocampal formation. Under physiologic conditions, neurogenesis in these regions is thought to be important for the maintenance and reorganization of interneurons in the olfactory bulb (SVZ), and the modulation and refinement of existing circuits in the dentate gyrus (SGZ). In rodents, stroke enhances neurogenesis in these regions, and stroke-induced neurogenesis appears to play a role in functional recovery. However, little is known about the behavior of quiescent vs. activated pools of neural stem cells in response to stroke, or the mechanisms of stroke-induced neurogenesis at the cellular level. Here we tested the hypothesis that stroke-induced neurogenesis involves the activation of quiescent stem cell pools, either alone or in combination with further differentiation of activated precursors. We used a genetic labeling strategy for in vivo lineage tracing of quiescent, nestin-expressing radial glia-like (RGL) precursors in the SGZ to elucidate the effect of remote focal ischemic infarction on RGLs at a clonal level. Unilateral infarction of the visual cortex by photothrombosis in transgenic mice caused an increase in the number of differentiated neuronal precursors and a decrease in the number of quiescent RGLs in the ipsilateral SGZ. Furthermore, among activated RGL clones, there was an increase in symmetric and neurogenic RGL divisions in response to stroke, with a concomitant loss of astrogliogenic RGL divisions. These preliminary results suggest that stroke may alter hippocampal neurogenesis from a distance by activating quiescent RGL pools in the SGZ through an as-of-yet unidentified mechanism and pushing them toward a neuronal fate. In turn, this may accelerate the time-dependent depletion of this RGL population. We speculate that this phenomenon contributes to cognitive changes associated with stroke and may represent a target for pharmacological intervention.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.