Abstract WMP43: The Natural History of Vertebral Artery Origin Stenosis and Long-term Survival
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data on patients admitted at a single institution for possible stroke between 2004 and 2007, and selected subjects who underwent angiography of the neck. We classified subjects as having vertebral artery origin stenosis (VAOS) by ‘moderate’ to ‘severe’ (≥50%) occlusion. Age, sex, and race-matched control subjects were selected from our study population as having no evidence of VAOS on angiography. Long-term follow-up data was collected and death certificates were searched for comparison among cases and controls. A Kaplan-Meier curve was plotted based on time to event (stroke or death).
Results: The proportion of subjects that were found to have VAOS was 58 per 358 cases, or 16.2%. Four subjects were excluded because of stenting, so a total of 54 cases and 54 matched controls were included for long-term follow-up analysis. In our study population, we calculated the relative risk of having a stroke or dying in patients with VAOS to be 6.0 times that of patients without VAOS (p<0.02). The observed 5-year survival for patients with VAOS was 67% (36/54) compared to 89% (48/54) in control subjects (p<0.01).
Conclusions: Patients with vertebral artery origin stenosis are at a significantly higher risk of having a stroke or dying. Subsequent prospective, multicenter studies are needed to validate our results.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.