Abstract WMP59: A Simple Clinical And MRI Score To Assess A Risk For Development Of Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction In Large Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke.
Background: Early surgical decompression has reduced case fatality and improved functional outcome in patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. Therefore, identifying patients who will develop life-threatening brain edema is imperative. The aim of the present study was to devise a simple clinical and MRI score for assessing a risk for malignant course in patients with large MCA infarction within 48 hr after admission.
Methods: Patients with MCA infarction ≥2/3 of the territory and proximal vessel occlusion (ICA or M1) within 24 hr of onset were retrospectively studied. We defined malignant MCA infarction as follows: (1) secondary decline of consciousness ≥1 point on the NIHSS with midline shift ≥5 mm at the level of septum pellucidum at follow-up CT or MRI; (2) anisocoria or death attributable to herniation. We created a simple score to determine a risk for development of malignant MCA infarction using factors selected by multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results: Subjects comprised 119 patients (55 men, median age 78.0 years). Fifty-seven patients (47.9%) developed malignant MCA infarction within 48hr after admission. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the following independent factors associated with malignant MCA infarction: involvement of ACA territory [odds ratio (OR), 15.33; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.39-59.77; P<0·001], glucose value >145mg/dl [OR, 6.68; 95% CI, 2.19-20.42; P=0.001], and M1 vessel sign on T2*-gradient echo imaging [OR, 5.82; 95% CI, 1.71-19.78; P=0.005]. Those three variables were selected for use in the score, with involvement of ACA territory as 2 points, glucose value >145 mg/dl as 1 point, and M1 vessel sign as 1 point. Frequencies of patients developing malignant MCA infarction for each score were as follows: score 0, 10.0%; score 1, 23.5%; score 2, 71.4%; score 3-4, 96.3%. The C statistic for the score was 0.875 (95%CI, 0.810-0·940, P<0.001).
Conclusion: Our simple clinical and MRI score reliably assessed a risk for development of malignant MCA infarction in large hemispheric acute ischemic stroke, and it should support clinical decision making in early surgical decompression.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.