Abstract WP13: Stroke Severity and Revascularization are the Strongest Predictors of Outcome in Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes: Post-Hoc Analysis of the TREVO 2 Trial
Introduction.: The Trevo Retriever showed higher recanalization rates and better outcomes than the Merci Retriever in patients with ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) in TREVO 2.
Hypothesis.: We assessed the hypothesis that except for device-related variables, predictors of good outcome would be similar in TREVO 2 and single arm Merci Retriever studies.
Methods.: The study evaluated predictors of good outcome, modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0-2 at 90 days, in TREVO 2 including those with ischemic stroke due to LVO aged 18-85 years with a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Score (NIHSS) 8-29 and a first device treatment pass within 8 hours of symptom onset. A secondary analysis investigated mortality predictors. Variables included baseline characteristics of age, sex, NIHSS, IV tPA use, occlusion side, most proximal occlusion site, stroke etiology, body mass index, systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, glucose; history including hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, smoking, congestive heart failure (CHF), atrial fibrillation, previous coronary or cerebral ischemia; and procedural characteristics of time from symptom onset to arterial puncture, time to TICI ≥2 or end of procedure, device allocation, intubation status, rescue therapy usage and post device revascularization success TICI ≥ 2 per core lab. Variables were assessed with univariate analysis for association with mRS 0-2 and mortality and those with a p-value of <0.15 were eligible for the multivariate model.
Results.: TREVO 2 data were available for 168 patients. Variables significant on multivariate analysis for an association with good outcome were baseline NIHSS (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.67, 0.86), post device revascularization success per core lab (OR 117.6, 95% CI 8.40, 1645), diabetes (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.03, 0.41), intubation (OR 0.11, 95% CI 0.03, 0.41) and left hemisphere involvement (OR 5.11, 95% CI 1.77, 14.71). Predictors of mortality included baseline NIHSS and left hemisphere involvement but also age and CHF.
Conclusions.: While age did not appear as a predictor of good outcome and diabetes was negatively associated with it for the first time in a Merci analysis, predictors of favorable outcome in TREVO 2 were similar to those previously reported for the Merci Retriever.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.