Abstract WP155: The Safety And Efficacy Of Carotid Artery Stenting In A High Grade Stenosis More Than 80% Under Proximal Protection With Flow-reversal System.
Background: Different embolic protection devices in carotid artery stenting(CAS) have been developed to prevent procedural cerebral embolization. Proximal flow reverse protection has theoretically advantages from the view point of prevention of distal embolism, compared with distal protection. On the other hand, there is a disadvantage that this system is complexity.
Purpose: we evaluated the safety and efficacy of proximal reverse flow protection for CAS in patients with high-grade stenosis.
Methods: Distal protection has mainly been used as protection device in our institute. In case that there was high possibility of distal embolism, proximal reverse flow protection has been used. These cases treated with proximal flow reverse protection were included in this study. A total of 75 patients(71 men, mean age 71.9 years) with a high grade stenosis≧80% were treated between September 2003 and March 2012. 72% (n=54) of the patients were symptomatic.The primary endpoint was death and stroke rate at 30 days. The outcome was also compared to data from 386 patients with a high-grade stenosis who were treated under only distal protection device in the same period.
Results: The procedure was technically successful in all cases. In 2 cases out of proximal reverse flow protection group, intracerebral hemorrhage was occurred. However, there was no ischemic complication. In distal protection group, the incidence of complication occurred in 11 cases (7 ischemic, 4 otheres). The stroke/death rate at 30 days was 2.6% (n=2) in proximal reverse flow protection group compared to 2.8% (n=11) in the distal protection group. There was no significant difference. However, the incidence of ischemic complication in the proximal reverse flow protection group tended to be lower than that of distal protection group.
Conclusion: In selected patients with large atherosclerotic plaques, the clinical results of CAS with proximal reverse flow protection is safe and feasible. Especially, the incidence of ischemic stroke was lower than that of distal protection.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.