Abstract WP280: Use of Strategies to Improve Door-to-Needle Times with Tissue Plasminogen Activator in Acute Ischemic Stroke by US Hospitals: Findings from the Target: Stroke Survey
Background: The benefits of intravenous tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) in acute ischemic stroke are time-dependent and several strategies have been reported to be associated with more rapid door-to-needle (DTN) times. However, the extent to which hospitals are utilizing these strategies has not been well studied.
Methods: We surveyed 304 hospitals joining Target: Stroke regarding their baseline use of strategies to reduce door-to-needle times in the 1/2008-2/2010 timeframe (prior to the initiation of Target: Stroke). The survey was developed based on literature review and expert consensus for strategies identified as being associated with shorter DTN times and further refined after pilot testing. Categorical responses are reported as frequencies.
Results: Hospitals participating in the survey were 50% academic, median 163 (IQR 106-247) ischemic stroke admissions per year, median 10 (IQR 6-17) tPA treated patients per year, and had median 79 minute (IQR 71-89) DTN times. By survey, 214 of 304 hospitals (70%) reported initiating or revising strategies to reduce DTN times in the prior 2 years. Reported use of the different strategies varied in frequency, with use of ischemic stroke critical pathways, CT scanner located in the Emergency Department, and tPA being stored in the Emergency Department being the strategies least frequently employed (Table). As part of Target: Stroke participation, 279 of 304 hospitals (91.5%) indicated they planned to have a dedicated team focused on reducing DTN times.
Conclusions: While most US hospitals participating in this survey report use of the strategies to improve the timeliness of tPA administration for acute ischemic stroke, significant variation exists. Further research is needed to understand which of these strategies are most effective in improving acute ischemic stroke care.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.