Abstract WP301: Timing of Occurrence of MRI DWI Abnormalities in Patients with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhages: A Subgroup Analysis from The SHRINC Trial
BACKGROUND MRI DWI abnormalities have been reported in 22-35% of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The mechanism underlying these changes is unknown. The timing of development of DWI changes has not been well described. We evaluated the time at which DWI changes occurred in a prospective database of patients with spontaneous ICH in the Safety of Pioglitazone for Hematoma Resolution In Intracerebral Hemorrhage trial (SHRINC). We also sought to examine if clinical features might predict the time at which DWI changes occurred.
METHODS SHRINC is an ongoing prospective, randomized study evaluating the safety of pioglitazone versus placebo in patients with ICH. Patients undergo serial MRI on Day (D)1, D2, D7/14, D28, and D42. We captured the occurrence of DWI lesions on MRI and categorized patients into 4 groups according to the time of onset of DWI lesions: observed on admission (hyperacute), D2 (acute), D7 or 14 (subacute) or >28 days (chronic). Patients were excluded if they did not have an MRI for comparison on the selected days. Baseline characteristics were collected prospectively on admission and compared between groups.
RESULTS: Thirty patients had complete imaging; 17 (56.67%) had DWI abnormalities in total. Characteristics are included in Table 1. Seven patients (23.33%) had DWI abnormalities remote from the ICH. There were no differences in the baseline characteristics between the groups except INR was significantly lower in the hyperacute group compared to the chronic group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that DWI lesions are more frequently seen at the time of initial ICH. The occurrence of DWI lesions at later time points suggests there may be different mechanisms accounting for these changes. Our study is limited by the small sample size and blinded nature of treatment allocation. Further study is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms of these DWI changes and their clinical relevance.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.