Abstract WP302: Racial Differences in Imaging Characteristics and Risk Factors for Primary Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Final Results from the DECIPHER Study
Background: Previous studies have reported racial differences in the incidence, location and risk factors for primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We now report differences in imaging characteristics and risk factors for ICH from the DiffErenCes in the Imaging of Primary Hemorrhage based on Ethnicity or Race (DECIPHER) study.
Methods: DECIPHER is a longitudinal, multicenter, MRI-based, natural history study of racial differences in primary ICH. Inclusion criteria were: primary ICH, age ≥ 18, baseline and 1 year MRI scan obtained. Clinical and demographic data were collected on all subjects.
Results: A total of 193 subjects of black or white race were enrolled. Subject characteristics overall and by race are provided in the table. Black subjects were younger, had a higher rate of hypertension, cocaine use, and were more frequently smokers. White subjects had a higher rate of hyperlipidemia. A lobar ICH location was more frequent in the white subjects, while infratentorial hemorrhages were more common in blacks. 60% of blacks had 1 or more microbleeds compared to 52% of whites (NS), and blacks tended to have more severe white matter disease.
Conclusions: In the DECIPHER study, there were significant racial differences both in the risk factors for primary ICH and in the imaging characteristics. Compared to whites, blacks have a greater rate of hypertension, as well as cocaine and tobacco use. Imaging findings are indicative of a more severe underlying small vessel vasculopathy in the black cohort. The risk factor information may be used to enhance prevention programs tailored for black communities at risk of ICH, while imaging data may provide a useful biomarker to assess the impact of these interventions.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.