Abstract WP308: Global Cerebral Edema Among Good Grade Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Results from the Antihypertensive Treatment of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage (ATACH) Study
INTRODUCTION: There is some evidence that injury and blood brain barrier disruption can be seen in regions distant from the hematoma in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).
Objective: To ascertain the occurrence of global brain edema in patients with ICH and to explore the relationship between patient characteristics and three month outcomes.
Design: A post-hoc analysis of a traditional Phase I dose escalation multicenter prospective study recruited patients with ICH, elevated SBP≥170 mmHg, and Glasgow Coma Scale score ≥8, who presented within 6 hours of symptom onset. Computed tomographic (CT) scans at baseline, 24 hours, and any performed at later intervals were submitted to a core image laboratory. We were able to ascertain the presence and magnitude of global brain edema in 41 of 60 subjects with adequate CT scan resolution.
Settings: Emergency departments and intensive care units.
Primary Outcomes: We determined the total brain, hematoma, and perihematoma edema volumes from baseline, 24 hour, and 48 hour (if available) CT scans using image analysis software. The global brain edema volume was determined by subtracting the hematoma and perihematomal edema volumes from the total brain volume.
Results: A total of 18 (44%) of 41 patients had global cerebral edema that developed between initial CT scan and 24 hour CT scan. The median increase in brain volume among the 18 subjects was 35 cc ranging from 0.12 cc to 296 cc. The baseline GCS score (median 15 versus 15) and hematoma volume (mean±SD; 11.5±10.3 versus 13.9±17) were similar between subjects who experienced global cerebral edema and those who did not. The initial serum glucose was higher among subjects with global cerebral edema (150.5±74.3 mg/dl verus 119.7±34.6 mg/dl). Of the 18 patients who underwent a CT scan at 48 hours, 5 had either new or worsening global cerebral edema. Three of the 18 patients with global cerebral edema underwent neurological deterioration and 1 patient died during hospitalization.
Conclusions: Global cerebral edema can occur even in subjects with mild ICH. The pathophysiological basis and prognostic significance needs to be studied in future trials.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.