Abstract WP425: Predictive Value Of Daily Physical Activity And New Onset Of Vascular Events In Patients With Mild Ischemic Stroke.
Introduction: Daily physical inactivity is associated with a substantially increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, the target level of daily physical activity is remained unclear. We aimed to evaluate the impact of physical activity on long-term vascular events in patients with mild ischemic stroke.
Methods: We designed prospective observational study and enrolled 142 ischemic stroke patients with modified Rankin Scale 0-1 (mean age: 63.9±9.2). We measured daily step count as a variable of daily physical activity after 6-month from stroke onset. Other clinical characteristics including age, body mass index, blood pressure, blood labo test, carotid echo findings and medications were also assessed. The primary outcome was hospitalization due to stroke recurrence, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, and peripheral artery disease. Survival curves were calculated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and hazard ratios for recurrence were determined by univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models.
Results: After 1130.2±372.8 days of follow-up, 29 vascular events (19 stroke recurrence, 10 coronary heart disease) occurred, and the patients were divided into two groups: survival (n=113) and recurrenct (n=29). Daily step counts (P=0.003) and plaque score (P<0.001) were significantly lower in the recurrent group than survival group. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed daily step counts and plaque score to be independent predictors of new vascular events. A daily step counts cutoff value of 6000 steps per day was determined by the analysis of receiver-operating characteristics with sensitivity 69.4% and specificity 79.4%. Kaplan-Meier survival curves after log-rank test showed significantly lower event rate in over 6000 steps group as compared to less than 6000 steps group (P=0.023).
Conclusion: In conclusion, our data indicate that daily physical activity evaluated by step counts may be useful for forecasting prognosis in patients with mild ischemic stroke. Daily step counts of 6000 steps may be a first target level to reduce new vascular events.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.