Abstract WP57: Utility of Flat Panel CT Perfusion for Physiologic Assessment of Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Angiography Suite
Introduction The decision to perform endovascular intervention in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may be guided by physiologic imaging such as CT perfusion (CTP) demonstrating a salvageable penumbra, but such studies can delay transfer to the angiography suite. Flat Panel Detector CT (FPD-CT) allows pre, intra and post-procedural physiologic assessment using rotational images acquired on the angiography table; however these measurements have not been correlated with conventional perfusion techniques. We began a prospective, observational comparison of standard, multi-slice CTP with FPD-CT perfusion for AIS interventions, and report our initial results.
Methods Patients with AIS that are candidates for endovascular intervention and have standard CTP images available were enrolled in the study after obtaining informed consent and following the IRB approved protocol. FPD-CTP images were obtained with aortic contrast injection and commercially available workstation image assessment (Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) before and after intervention, and compared with standard CT perfusion and follow up images.
Results A total of 3 cases have been enrolled. All demonstrated anatomic correlations between perfusion defects in the standard CTP and the FPD-CTP. Case example: A 58 year old man developed left sided hemiplegia and standard CTP demonstrated a right MCA defect with a small core infarction (Fig 1 A). Pre-intervention FPD-CTP showed the same defect pattern (Fig 1 B), and successful mechanical thrombectomy was performed (Fig 1 C,D). Post-intervention FPD-CT showed reversal of perfusion defect outside the core infarct (Fig 1 E). The patient had good clinical recovery and only small infarct on follow up CT (Fig 1 F).
Conclusions Early experience with FPD-CTP imaging shows correlation with standard CTP images and reversal of perfusion defect following successful recanalization, suggesting it may be a valuable aid for decision making in AIS intervention.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.