Abstract WP7: Leukoaraiosis And Outcomes After Intra-arterial Therapy In Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background: Selecting patients most likely to benefit (MLTB) from intra-arterial therapy (IAT) is essential to assure favorable outcomes after intervention for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Leukoaraiosis (LA) has been linked to infarct growth, risk of hemorrhage after IV rt-PA, and poor post-stroke outcomes. We investigated whether LA severity is associated with AIS outcomes after IAT.
Methods: We analyzed consecutive AIS subjects from our institutional GWTG-Stroke database enrolled between 01/01/2007-06/30/2009, who met our pre-specified criteria for MLTB: CTA and MRI within 6 hours from last known well, NIHSS score ≥8, baseline DWI volume (DWIv) ≤ 100 cc, and proximal artery occlusion and were treated with IAT. LA volume (LAv) was assessed on FLAIR using validated, semi-automated protocols. We analyzed CTA to assess collateral grade; post-IAT angiogram for recanalization status (TICI score ≥2B); and the 24-hour CT for symptomatic ICH (sICH). Logistic regression was used to determine independent predictors of good functional outcome (mRS≤ 2) and mortality at 90 days post-stroke.
Results: There were 48 AIS subjects in this analysis (mean age 69.2, SD±13.8; 55% male; median LAv 4cc, IQR 2.2-8.8cc; median NIHSS 15, IQR 13-19; median DWIv 15.4cc, IQR 9.2-20.3cc). Of these, 34 (72%) received IV rt-PA; 3 (6%) had sICH; 21 (44.7%) recanalized; and 23 (50%) had collateral grade ≥3. At 90 days, 15/48 (36.6%) were deceased and 15/48 had mRS≤ 2. In univariate analysis, recanalization (OR 6.2, 95%CI 1.5-25.5), NIHSS (OR 0.8 per point, 95%CI 0.64-0.95), age (OR 0.95 per yr, 95%CI 0.89-0.99) were associated with good outcome, whereas age (OR 1.1, 95%CI 1.01-1.14) and HTN (OR 5.6, 95%CI 1.04-29.8) were associated with mortality. In multivariable analysis including age, NIHSS, recanalization, collateral grade, and LAv, only recanalization independently predicted good functional outcome (OR 21.3, 95%CI 2.3-199.9) and reduced mortality (OR 0.15, 95%CI 0.02-1.12) after IAT.
Conclusions: LA severity is not associated with poor outcome in patients selected MLTB for IAT. Among AIS patients considered likely to benefit from IAT, only recanalization independently predicted good functional outcome and decreased mortality.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.