Abstract WP76: Investigation of the Influence of Coil Configuration on Cerebral Aneurysm Fluid Dynamics Using a Novel Finite Element Approach
INTRODUCTION: Despite more than a decade of endovascular coil treatment, the effects of coils on cerebral aneurysm (CA) hemodynamics are still poorly understood. Coils present several challenges to in vivo and in vitro flow measurement techniques and previous in silico methods have suffered from large assumptions on coil geometry. Here we present the first fluid dynamic simulations of coiled CAs that consider the structure and deployment mechanics of embolic coils. We also investigate the influence of coil packing density, design, and configuration on CA fluid dynamics.
Methods: Coil deployment was modeled using a novel finite element approach that realistically simulates coil dynamics during deployment. Two coil designs were investigated: helical and 3D. Coil design and material properties were matched to manufacturer specifications. Five deployment sequences of each coil design, at different microcatheter placements, were simulated in two idealized CA models with variable neck sizes. Blood flow was simulated using computational fluid dynamics. Simulated deployments and fluid dynamics were then compared to deployments of actual coils in identical physical CA models and in vitro particle image velocimetry flow measurements.
Results: Simulated results closely matched in vitro data. Reductions in aneurysmal velocity magnitudes were largest for 3D coils and in a narrow-neck model. In that model, 3D coil deployments reduced average aneurysmal velocity magnitudes by a 51% - 69% range at packing densities less than 20% and by a 74% - 84% range at packing densities greater than 30%. Linear regression results showed reductions were strongly dependent on the spacing between coil loops within the aneurysm and packing density, with correlations of 0.6 and 0.7 respectively.
Conclusion: Coil design and packing density may play equally important roles in determining CA hemodynamics. Results in an anatomical model will also be presented. The proposed virtual coiling approach represents a novel and effective method for realistically simulating coiled CAs, and is an important step towards clinical preoperative planning of coil treatment.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.