Abstract WP79: Choice Of Treatment And Effect On Hemorrhage Rates Of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms
INTRODUCTION: The decision regarding whether to perform an interventional procedure as a strategy to prevent hemorrhage of an unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) requires careful consideration of procedural risk and the UIA natural history. No randomized trial data are available. The International Study of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms (ISUIA) included a prospective cohort, examining hemorrhage risk and treatment risk.
Hypothesis: The purpose of this analysis was to compare the factors related to treatment selection and determination of the number of hemorrhages prevented.
Methods: Patients were allocated into the initial treatment and untreated cohorts based upon observation or treatment practices in 61 centers from 1991-1998. 1691 patients were in the observational cohort, 471 were in the endovascular cohort and 1917 patients were in the surgical cohort. The cohorts were followed for a median follow-up of 9.2 years. Outcomes were determined prospectively and with central review. The data were grouped together and analyzed to determine treatment decisions. A Cox proportional hazards model predicting hemorrhage developed in the observation cohort and was applied to the surgery and endovascular cohorts across the follow-up period.
Results: Significant baseline variable differences between treated and observed patients were aneurysm size, symptoms, age, prior SAH group, geographical region, treatment percentage, aneurysm daughter sacs or multiple lobes, and history of hypertension, smoking and myocardial infarction. Aneurysm site and family history were not significant. Site, size, and aspirin use were significant predictors of hemorrhage.
Long-term the predicted hemorrhage rates were 6.7% at 5 years and 8.0% at 10 years in the surgery group and 8.1% and 9.6% for the endovascular group, respectively. For comparison the rates in the observed cohort were 4.1% and 4.8%, respectively.
Conclusions: Decisions for treatment are influenced by patient characteristics such as age and medical history, aneurysm characteristics such as size and morphology and center and regional practices. Patients in the treated cohorts were at moderately increased risk for hemorrhage compared to those in the observed cohort.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.