Abstract WP87: Endovascular Treatment of Very Small Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms: Complications, Occlusion Rates and Prediction of Outcome
Purpose: In this study we assess predictors of outcome following endovascular treatment of small ruptured intracranial aneurysms (SRA).
Methods: Between 2004 and 2011, 91 patients with SRA (≤ 3 mm) were treated at our institution. Multivariate analysis was carried out to assess predictors of endovascular related complications, aneurysm obliteration (>95%), recanalization, and favorable outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale 3-5).
Results: Endovascular treatment was aborted in 9 of 91 patients (9.9%). Procedure-related complications occurred in 8 of 82 patients (9.8%) of which 5 were transient and 3 were permanent. Three patients (3.7%) undergoing endovascular therapy experienced an intra-procedural aneurysm rupture. Three of 9 patients (33.3%) treated with stent or balloon assisted coiling experienced peri-procedural complications compared to 5 of 73 patients (6.8%) receiving only coils or Onyx (p=0.039). There were no procedural deaths or rehemorrhages. Rates of recanalization and retreatment were 18.2% and 12.7%, respectively. No factors predicted initial occlusion or recanalization. In multivariate analysis pre-treatment factors predictive of favorable outcome included younger age (OR=0.94; 95% CI 0.91-0.99, p=0.017), larger aneurysm size (OR=3.4; 95% CI 1.02-11.11, p=0.045), Hunt and Hess grade (OR=0.38; 95% CI 0.19-0.75, p=0.005), and location (OR=5.12; 95% CI 1.29-20.25, p=0.02). When assessing treatment and post-treatment variables, vasospasm was the only additional covariate predictive of poor outcome (OR=5.90; 95% CI 1.34=25.93, p=0.019).
Conclusions: The majority of SRA can be treated with endovascular therapy and limited complications. Overall predictors of outcome for patients undergoing endovascular treatment of SRA include age, aneurysm size, Hunt and Hess grade, location, and post-treatment vasospasm.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.