Supraventricular Premature Beats and Short Atrial Runs Predict Atrial Fibrillation in Continuously Monitored Patients With Cryptogenic Stroke
Background and Purpose—Supraventricular premature beats (SPBs) may help to assess the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with cryptogenic stroke and therefore guide therapy.
Methods—An internal loop recorder was implanted in consecutive patients with acute cryptogenic stroke. The occurrence and quantity of SPBs and short supraventricular runs (SVRs) in 24-hour ECG in patients with and without future AF were analyzed. We evaluated the relative risk of the upper quartile of SPB and SVR patients against the remainder and used binary logistic regression to evaluate a possible independent influence of SPBs and SVRs on AF occurrence.
Results—Twelve of 70 included patients (mean age, 59±13 years) experienced development of AF during a mean monitoring duration of 536±212 days. Patients with AF had a median of 22.8 SPBs/h versus 1.2 SPBs/h (P<0.0001) in patients without AF and a median of 0.7 SVRs/h (AF) versus 0 SVR/h (non-AF). Patients in the upper quartile of SPBs (>14.1/h) and SVRs (>0.2/h) demonstrated a relative risk of 4.0 (95% confidence interval, 1.1–14.6; P=0.04) and 6.9 (95% confidence interval, 1.8–26.7; P=0.005) for future AF, respectively. In binary logistic regression, SPBs (P=0.02) and SVRs (P=0.05) remained significant independent predictors for occurrence of AF.
Conclusions—Numerous SPBs and SVRs demonstrated a high risk for future AF in patients with cryptogenic stroke.
- Received October 8, 2013.
- Accepted December 9, 2013.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.