Abstract 101: Educational Level, Emergency Medical Services Activation and Hospital Arrival in Acute Stroke
Background: Several studies report that certain factors such as socioeconomic status, living alone or being alone at onset of symptoms play a role in late arrival at hospitals thereby decreasing the ultimate success of medical interventions for stroke patients. There is little research about the influence of educational level upon early arrival in patients with acute stroke. We hypothesized that higher educational level is associated with early arrivals in patients with acute stroke.
Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study to evaluate consecutive patients admitted with a new stroke in 19 hospitals in Fortaleza, Brazil, from April 2009 to April 2012. Educational attainment was categorized into 5 levels: no school attendance, less than secondary school graduation, secondary school graduation, bachelor's degree and master's or doctorate degree. Multiple logistic regressions were used to investigate the influence of epidemiologic and clinical data on the frequency of early arrival (defined as hospital arrival within 4.5 hours from symptoms onset).
Results: We evaluated 4679 patients (48% males, mean age: 67.67± 14.48). Ischemic stroke was the most frequent subtype (74.9%) followed by intraparenchymal hemorrhage (14.5%), subarachnoid hemorrhage (5.1%), transient ischemic attack (2.8%), and undetermined stroke (2.7%). A total of 1128 (24.1%) patients arrived within 4.5 hours from symptoms onset. Higher educational level was a predictor of early hospital arrival (p= 0.01). Other univariate predictors of early hospital arrival included having a decreased level of consciousness at presentation OR 1.36 [1.17-1.58], p<0.01, having a hemorrhagic stroke OR 1.46 [1.19-1.79] p<0.01, having a transient ischemic attack OR 2.2 [1.50-3.49] and arriving by emergency medical services (EMS) OR 0.37 [0.31-0.44]. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, educational level just remains as an independent predictor of early hospital arrival if arriving by EMS is not included in the model.
Conclusions: Educational level is associated with early hospital arrival in patients with acute stroke. The association between educational level and early hospital arrival seems to be mediated by activation of the EMS.
Author Disclosures: G.S. Silva: None. G. A n d r a d e V i a n a: None. C. Borges Machado: None. B. Fortunato Cardoso dos Santos: None. M. Bueno Alves: None. R. Carolina Acre Nunes Miranda: None. M. Cendoroglo Neto: None. J. Freitas de Carvalho: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.