Abstract 140: Long-term disability after lacunar stroke: Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Stroke Study
Background: Long-term disability after lacunar stroke is under-studied. We hypothesized that vascular and demographic risk factors predict worsening disability after recovery from lacunar stroke, even in the absence of recurrent stroke.
Methods: The Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Stroke Study is a clinical trial in lacunar stroke patients with annual assessments of disability with the Older Americans Resources and Survey Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scale (range 0-14), measuring 7 IADLs. Generalized estimating equations were used to model the likelihood of disability (IADL score <14) over time, adjusting for demographics, medical risk factors, cognitive and mood factors, and region in univariate and multivariable models. IADL assessments after recurrent stroke were censored. We stratified by study region and age quartile (<55, 55-63, 63-72, ≥72 years), and the final model excluded non-significant terms.
Results: Among 2820 participants, mean age was 63.4 years (SD 10.8), 63% were male, 51% White, 32% Hispanic, 36% had some college education, 36% had diabetes, 90% had hypertension, and 10% had prior stroke. Mean follow-up was 3.5 years. Mean IADL score at 3 months was 12.5 (SD 2.5), and 43% were disabled. In multivariable models, female sex (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.3-1.8), diabetes (1.52, 1.30-1.75), current smoking (1.28, 1.06-1.54), non-regular alcohol use (1.6, 1.4-1.9), prior stroke (1.61, 1.28-2.00), cognitive assessment screening instrument score (0.98 per point, 0.97-0.98), and depression (1.79, 1.49-2.17) were associated with disability. The youngest age quartile had decreased odds of disability over time (OR 0.56 per year, 95% CI 0.36-0.91), whereas the oldest age quartile had increased odds (1.33, 0.83-2.22). There was heterogeneity by region (p<0.0001): Americans and Latin Americans had 2.5-fold greater odds of disability per year compared to Spaniards.
Conclusion: In lacunar stroke patients, older age predicted worsening long-term disability, even without recurrent stroke. Worse long-term function was associated with vascular risk factors and prior stroke, and regional differences may have been due to geographic variations in health care delivery or scale interpretation.
Author Disclosures: M.S. Dhamoon: None. L.A. McClure: None. C.L. White: None. O. Benavente: None. M.S.V. Elkind: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.