Abstract 163: Carotid Stenosis and Stroke Recurrence in Minor Stroke Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
Background & Purpose: Both atrial fibrillation (AF) and carotid stenosis (CS) can be associated with acute stroke recurrence and consequent bad outcome even in minor stroke. We investigated stroke recurrence and outcome in Japanese minor stroke patients with AF and/or CS.
Subjects & Methods: Among the consecutive 6246 stroke patients who were admitted to the 7 stroke centers within 7 days after the onset, 634 patients with acute ischemic stroke with AF, the initial NIH stroke scale score of 7 or less, and prior modified Rankin scale (mRS) of 0 or 1 were included in the present study. We observed an acute stroke recurrence during 3 weeks.
Results: Acute stroke recurrence was observed in 27 (4.3%) patients. Major cerebral artery stenosis of 50% or more in diameter was observed in 159 (25.1%) patients, and among them 43 (6.8%) had carotid stenosis. Any major artery stenosis was more frequent in patients with than without stroke recurrence (55.6% vs 23.7%, p=0.0002). Carotid stenosis was more frequent in patients with than without stroke recurrence (25.9% vs 5.9%, p<0.0001). The initial NIHSS score was not different between patients with and without an acute stroke recurrence. Dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and history of brain hemorrhage were more frequent, and HDL cholesterol and estimated GFR values were lower, and HbA1c, fasting glucose, BUN, and D-dimer values were higher, intima-media thickness 0f the common carotid artery was thicker in patients with than without an acute stroke recurrence. On the multivariate analysis, carotid stenosis (OR 4.93, 95%CI 1.60~15.2) and D-dimer value (OR 1.13, 95%CI 1.00~1.28) had a positive association with an acute stroke recurrence. Among 43 patients with both AF and CS, 7 had an acute stroke recurrence. With regard to the acute antithrombotic treatment, 5 patients were treated with only anticoagulant agents and other 2 patients were treated with both anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents.
Conclusions: Carotid stenosis was a significant predictor for an acute stroke recurrence in patients with atrial fibrillation. Optimal antithrombotic treatment in the acute phase in stroke patients with both AF and CS should be investigated.
Author Disclosures: S. Fujimoto: None. M. Ohsaki: None. M. Kumamoto: None. T. Ishitsuka: None. T. Kitazono: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.