Abstract NS13: Road to Recovery after Stroke: Understanding Predictors of Discharge Destination, Functional Independence, and Quality of Life after Hospital Discharge
Introduction: Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability and affects 795,000 people in the U.S. each year. This study was conducted to enhance knowledge of outcomes during recovery and the options for participating in rehabilitation and preventive care during patients’ transitions to the community. Comprehensive Stroke Certification charges hospitals with the task of expanding knowledge of functional and quality of life outcomes for all stroke patients through the continuum examining effects of stroke severity, functional impairment, and patient characteristics on discharge destinations, functional independence, and quality of life after discharge.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of an acute stroke quality improvement database which includes measures collected by MedTel Outcomes LLC on all stroke patients one month after discharge. Included, is the Functional Independence Measure and standardized quality of life and participation measures. In the database are standardized measures from the medical record such stroke type, Modified Rankin score, and acute functional independence measure score for 719 patients with a 30-day follow-up phone assessment for functional and quality of life measures from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Preliminary Findings: Over 75% of patients had hemiparesis, & over 90% survived 30-days post discharge and were living in the community. At follow-up, mostwere independent in self-care, and half were independent in mobility excluding stairs. Those with right brain involvement had a complicated, slower recovery. Those with left brain involvement,had lower functional scores and a higher percentage of them were not living in the community, rather, living in institutions.
Conclusions: All patients experiencing a stroke should have evidence-based information on their options & what to expect during their recovery during their transitions into the community. The data base is useful as a source of outcome data for comparative effectiveness and to build a regional collaborative outcomes database for Comparative Effectiveness Research and quality benchmarking. Findings can be used to understand the functional trajectory of recovery based on severity of stroke and other factors.
Author Disclosures: L. Paletz: None. P. Roberts: None. H. Aronow: None. S. Guerra: None. T. Yan: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.