Abstract T MP104: The Role of Antithrombotics Therapy in Recent Ischaemic Stroke Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Analysis from VISTA
Background and Purpose: There is uncertainty on the optimal latency after acute ischaemic stroke at which antithrombotic treatment should commence for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, in order to prevent recurrent stroke (RS) without provoking symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage (SICH). We sought to describe the risk factors and patterns of RS and SICH in a cohort of patients with AF and recent stroke.
Methods: We assessed the association of antihrombotic treatment (i.e. anticoagulants and antiplatelets) with the distribution of the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at day 90, and the occurrence of RS and SICH. We developed statistical models for the prediction of RS and SICH in the first 90 days after stroke, using univariate and multivariate analysis.
Results: Data were available for 1,644 patients. Combined antithrombotic therapy with both anticoagulation and antiplatelet (n=782) was associated with more favourable functional outcome across full scale mRS OR=1.785 (95% CI: 1.316, 2.421; P=0.0002), and significantly lower risk of mortality by day 90, SICH by day 90 and RS by day 90: Mortality day 90 OR=0.344 (95% CI: 0.235, 0.502; P<0.0001), SICH day 90 OR=0.18 (95% CI: 0.086, 0.37; P<0.0001) and RS day 90 OR=0.33 (95% CI: 0.21, 0.53; P<0.0001). Patients with ischaemic stroke who had high baseline glucose had a high risk of both RS and SICH events after stroke. Additionally, patients who had increased neurological impairment, previous history of TIA and received no antithrombotic treatment were at increased risk of RS. The relative risk of RS versus SICH appeared constant over time.
Conclusions: It seems justified to initiate anticoagulation immediately the patient attains medical and neurological stability, taking into account the potential of haemorrhagic transformation as part of the natural progression in stroke and the increasing risk of recurrent stroke with time if left untreated. Antiplatelet treatment pending introduction of anticoagulation is reasonable.
Author Disclosures: A.H. Abdul-Rahim: None. R.L. Fulton: None. F. Benedikt: None. T. Tatlisumak: None. M. Paciaroni: None. V. Caso: None. H. Diener: None. K.R. Lees: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.