Abstract T MP26: Role of 99tc-hmpao Spect in the Assessment of Cerebral Hemodynamic Parameters After Superficial Temporal Artery- Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass in Patients With Severe Steno-Occlusive Disease of Intracranial Carotid and Middle Cerebral Artery
Background and Objective: Although superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass surgery in patients with symptomatic carotid occlusion failed to demonstrate any benefit, its role in symptomatic intracranial steno-occlusive disease has been evaluated scarcely. We evaluated changes in hemodynamic parameters in patients with severe steno-occlusive disease of intracranial internal carotid (ICA) or middle cerebral artery (MCA) who underwent STA-MCA bypass for impaired cerebral vasodilatory reserve (CVR).
Methods: Patients with severe steno-occlusive disease of intracranial ICA or MCA underwent transcranial Doppler (TCD) evaluation and CVR assessment using breath-holding index (BHI). Patients with impaired BHI (<0.69) were further evaluated with acetazolamide-challenged 99Tc-HMPAO-SPECT. STA-MCA bypass surgery was offered to patients with impaired CVR on SPECT. TCD and SPECT were repeated in all patients at 4±1 months and they were followed-up for cerebral ischemic events.
Results: Of the 126 patients (80 male, mean age 56yrs; range 23-78yrs) that fulfilled our inclusion criteria, 84 (67%) showed impaired CVR HMPAO-SPECT. Fifty (60%) of them underwent STA-MCA bypass while 34(40%) received best medical treatment. TCD and acetazolamide-challenged HMPAO-SPECT repeated 4±1 months after surgery showed significant improvement in STA-MCA bypass group. TCD BHI improved from a median (IQR) of -0.05 to 1.1 (p<0.001). Compared to 98% patients with impaired CVR on pre-operative SPECT, only 20% showed abnormal results on post-operative imaging (p<0.001). During follow-up (mean 35 months; range 8 to 49months), only 6/50 (12%) patients in bypass group developed cerebral ischemic events as compared to15/34 (44%) cases on medical therapy (absolute risk reduction 32%, p=0.006).
Conclusion: 99Tc-HMPAO SPECT with acetazolamide challenge is a reliable tool for the assessment of cerebral vasodilatory reserve in patients with severe steno-occlusive disease of intracranial ICA or MCA. STA-MCA bypass surgery in carefully selected patients results in significant improvement in hemodynamic parameters and reduction in stroke recurrence.
Author Disclosures: A. Batra: None. A.K. Sinha: None. L.L.L. Yeo: None. R. Rathakrishnan: None. P. Paliwal: None. N. Chou: None. T. Tsai: None. H. Teoh: None. B.P.L. Chan: None. V.F.H. Chong: None. V. Sharma: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.